Influence of woody vegetation on the content of humus in chernozem soils

  • A. O. Huslystyi Oles Honchar Dnipro National University, Dnipro, Ukraine
Keywords: organic matter, organic carbon, forest vegetation

Abstract

The literature sources on the influence of woody vegetation on the content of humus in chernozem soils were analyzed. In scientific literature, there are many articles from scholars from around the world on the study of the content of organic matter in the soil under various types of plantings. Proceeding from this, there is a need for comprehensive research on humus of reference black soil common. Separately there is the question of the influence of artificial forest plantations of different wood structure and light structure on the complex characteristics of ascending ordinary black soil. The importance of these studies is due to the complex ecological role played by humus in soils. As a result of the analysis of literary data, it was discovered that woody vegetation increases the content of organic matter and positively affects the black soils. Regularities of change in the humus state are connected, first of all, with the type of land use. Under each tree species there is a characteristic and peculiar humus distribution in the soil profile, which differs significantly from the quantitative or qualitative distribution of humus in the soil horizons. In general, under the forest vegetation, the content of humus increases, as well as the structure of the soil improves, the permeability and porosity of the upper layer of soil increases. In the course of the literary analysis it became clear that the older the tree plantations, the greater the thickness of the humus horizon below them. In the monitoring sites under the Tilia cordata, there is a tendency to increase the content of humus, hygroscopic moisture, absorption capacity and granulometric composition, indicating improvement of soil conditions. Plantation of Acer platanoides leads to a decrease in the content of total humus in a 0-30-centimeter layer of soil, but with depth this index is gradually increasing. Under the Quercus robus plantations in the surface layer of soil, scientists observed a decrease in humus content, and in the middle layers of soil, on the contrary, an increase in this indicator. With a depth observed leaching of humus. The indicator of humus under Quercus robus is characterized by a significantly higher level of humus, than in black soil. So, the results are typical for humus in zonal chornozems. The data of some authors show that it is in natural forests that the best conditions for the humus accumulation in black soils are formed in comparison with the soils of artificial forests and soils under zonal vegetation (motley grass, Bromus spp., Stipa spp.). Under forest vegetation, leafy deposits form a litter. The Robinia pseudoacacia litter results in improved physical and chemical properties of soils, increases the content of organic matter, exchangeable potassium, absorption capacity, increases aggregate stability and moisture content, decreases pH and density. Scientific literature notes that the creation of Robinia plantations in soils that have previously lost its forest cover provides an increase in the content and storage of soil organic carbon compared to the Caragana korshinskii plantations. According to our literature data, the most rational measure to increase the soil fertility is the creation of an effective system of protective forest plantations, which are characterized by a favorable integrated influence on the steppe soils.

References

Achat, D. L., Deleuze, C., Landmann, G., Pousse, N., Ranger, J., Augusto, L. (2015). Quantifying consequences of removing harvesting residues on forest soils and tree growth – A meta-analysis. Forest Ecology and Management, 348, 124–141. DOI: 10.1016/j.foreco.2015.03.042.
Aderikhin, P. G., Belgard, A. L., Zonn, S. V., Krupenikov, I. A., & Travelyev, A. P. (1983). Vliyaniye lesnoy rastitel'nosti na chernozemy [Influence of forest vegetation on chernozems]. Russian black earth – 100 years after Dokuchaev. Moscow, 117–126 (in Russian).
Allen, M. R., Frame, D. J., Huntingford, C., Jones, C., Lowe, J., Meinshausen M., & Meinshausen N. (2009). Warming caused by cumulative carbon emissions towards the trillionth tonne. Nature, 458, 1163–1166. DOI: 10.1038/nature08019.
Bekhovykh, Yu. V. (2017). Fiziko-khimicheskiye svoystva chernozema vyshchelochennogo Altayskogo Priob'ya pod razlichnymi drevesnymi porodami polezashchitnykh lesopolos [Physical and chemical properties of leached chernozem of the Altai Priobye under various tree species of forest shelter belts]. Bulletin of the Altai State Agrarian University, 7(153), 68–72 (in Russian).
Binkley, D., & Giardina, C. (1998). Why do tree species affect soils? The warp and woof of tree–soil interactions. Biogeochemistry, 42, 89–106. DOI: 10.1007/978-94-017-2691-7_5.
Binkley, D., (1995). The influence of tree species on forest soils: processes and patterns. In: Mead, D.J., Cornforth, I.S. (Eds.), Proceeding of the Trees and Soil Workshop, Lincoln University 28 February-2 March (1994). Lincoln University Press, Canterbury, 1–33.
Bolotov, A. G., Bekhovykh, Yu. V., Sizov, E. G., & Poskotinova, O. N. (2014). Fiziko-khimicheskiye svoystva chernozemov pod listvennymi lesopolosami [Physical and chemical properties of black soils under deciduous forest belts]. Bulletin of the Altai State Agrarian University, 5(115), 56–62 (in Russian).
Degtyarev, V. V. (2005). Mineralna matrytsya yak osnova gruntovoyi matrytsi [Mineral matrix as the basis of a soil matrix]. Bulletin of Kharkiv National Agrarian University, 1, 85–88
Degtyarev, V. V. (2011). Humus chornozemiv livoberezhnoho Lisostepu i Stepu Ukrayinu [Humus of chernozems Forest-steppe and Steppe of Ukraine]. Kharkiv, Majdan (in Ukrainian).
Degtyarjov, V. V., Yatsuk, I. P., & Usata, R. Yu. (2017). Influence of different systems fertilizer on the content of actualy humic substances and detritus in the meadow-chernozem soils of the right-bank forest-Steppe of Ukraine. Bulletin of Kharkiv National Agrarian University, 2, 64–77.
Duan, Y.-Y., Song, L.-J., Niu, S.-Q., Huang, T., Yang, G.-H., & Hao, W.-F. (2017). Variation in leaf functional traits of different-aged Robinia pseudoacacia communities and relationships with soil nutrients. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology, 28(1), 28–36. DOI: 10.13287/j.1001-9332.201701.036.
Gorban, V. A., & Huslystyi, A. O. (2018). Some features of the influence of Robinia pseudoacacia L. on soils in arid conditions. Ecology and Noospherology, 29(1), 47-51 (in Ukrainian). DOI: 10.15421/031808.
Gorban, V. A. (2009). Vplyv eolovo-gruntovykh vidkladiv na komponenty ta strukturni elementy lisovykh kulturbioheotsenoziv stepovoyi zony Ukrayiny [Influence of eolian-soil depths on components and structural elements of forest cultures on biogeocoenoses of the steppe zone of Ukraine]. Gruntoznavstvo, 10(1–2), 90–94 (in Ukrainian).
Johnson, D. W. (1992). Effects of forest management on soil carbon storage. Water Air Soil Pollut. 64, 83–120. DOI: 10.1007/BF00477097.
Khan, B., Ablimit, A., Mahmood, R., & Qasim, M. (2010). Robinia pseudoacacia leaves improve soil physical and chemical properties. Journal of Arid Land, 2(4), 266–271.
Klyuchnikov, M. V., Paramonov, E. G., & Trofimov, I. T. (2011). Vliyaniye listvennitsy na svoystva chernozemov yuzhnykh v zasushlivoy stepi [The influence of larch on the properties of southern chernozems in the arid steppe]. World of Science, Culture, Education, 1 (26), 351–353 (in Russian).
Kogel-Knabner, I. (2002) The macromolecular organic composition of plant and microbial residues as inputs to soil organic matter. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 34, 139–162. DOI: 10.1016/S0038-0717(01)00158-4.
Kuznetsova, I. V. (1994). Rol organicheskogo veshchestva v obrazovanii vodoprochnoy struktury dernovo-podzolistykh pochv [The role of organic matter in the formation of water-stable structure of sod-podzolic soils]. Eurasian Soil Science, 11, 34–41 (in Russian).
Lal, R. (2004). Soil carbon sequestration impacts on global climate change and food security. Science, 304, 1623–1627. DOI: 10.1126/science.1097396.
Li, Y. J., Hu, S., Jiao, J. Y., & Wu, D. Y. (2017). Response of soil organic carbon to vegetation rest oration in different erosion environments in the hilly-gullied region of the Loess Plateau. Shengtai Xuebao. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 37(12), 4100–4107. DOI: 10.5846/stxb201606161168.
Marruki, K. (1993). Vliyaniye lesnoy i travyanistoy rastitel'nosti na osnovnyye kharakteristiki chernozema tipichnogo moshchnogo slabosmytogo yugo-vostoka Lesostepi Ukrainy [The influence of forest and grass vegetation on the main characteristics of the chernozem of typical weakly washed out southeast of the Forest-Steppe of Ukraine]. Avtoref. dis. Kharkov (in Russian).
Mathers, N. J., Mendham, D. S., O'Connell, A. M., Grove, T. S., Xu, Z. H., & Saffigna, P. G., (2003). How does residue management impact soil organic matter composition and quality under Eucalyptus globulus plantations in Southwestern, Australia? Forest Ecology and Management, 179, 253–267. DOI: 10.1016/S0378-1127(02)00527-3.
Müller, P. E. (1887). Studien über die natürlichen Humusformen und deren Einwirkungen auf Vegetation und Boden. Julius Springer, Berlin, 324. DOI: 10.5962/bhl.title.20253
Nambiar, E. K. S., & Harwood, C. E. (2014). Productivity of acacia and eucalypt plantations in Southeast Asia. International Forestry Review, 16, 225–248. DOI: 10.1505/146554814811724766.
Nazarenko, I. I., Polchina, S. М., & Nikorich, V. A. (2004). Gruntoznavstvo: Pidruchnyk [Soil Science: Textbook]. Chernivtsi (in Ukrainian).
Novosad, K. B. (2004). Evolyutsiya chornozemiv typovykh hlybokykh pivdenno-skhidnoho Lisostepu Ukrayiny pid riznymy fitotsenozamy [Evolution of chernozem typical of deep southeastern forest-steppe of Ukraine under various phytocoenoses]. Avtoref. dis. Kharkov (in Ukrainian).
Polyakov, A. K, & Torokhov, O. N. (2006). Dinamika pochvennogo plodorodiya v kollektsionnykh nasazhdeniyakh Donetskogo botanicheskogo sada NAN Ukrainy [Dynamics of soil fertility in collecting plantings of the Donetsk botanical garden of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine]. Industrial Botany, 6, 199–203 (in Russian).
Rasse, D. P., Rumpel, C., & Dignac, M-F. (2005) Is soil carbon mostly root carbon? Mechanisms for a specific stabilisation. Plant and Soil, 269, 341–356. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11104-004-0907-y.
Savosko, V. M. & Bahmetova, A. A. (2011). Vmist humusu v gruntakh pid providnymy nasadzhennyamy Dovhyntsivskoho dendroparku (m. Kryvyy Rih) [The content of humus in soils under the dominant plantations of the Dovgintsy Dendroparks (Kryvyi Rih)]. Issues of steppe forestry and forest eclamation of soils, 40, 81–88 (in Ukrainian)
Scharlemann, J. P. W., Tanner, E. V. J., Hiederer, R., & Kapos, V. (2014). Global soil carbon: understanding and managing the largest terrestrial carbon pool. Carbon Manag. 5, 81–91. DOI: 10.4155/cmt.13.77.
Semenov, V. M., & Kogut, B. M. (2015). Pochvennoye organicheskoye veshchestvo [Soil Organic Substance]. Moscow (in Russian).
Smirnova, E. B., Reshetnikova, V. N., Stepanov, M. A., & Makarova T. Yu. (2012). Soderzhaniye gumusa i yego kompleksov s metallami v chernozome obyknovennom rekreatsionnykh territoriy. [The content of humus and its complexes with metals in ordinary chernozem recreational areas]. Proceedings of the Samara Scientific Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 1 (8), 2068–2071 (in Russian).
Sokolov, D. F. (1962). Vliyaniye lesnoy rastitel'nosti na sostav gumusa pochv razlichnykh prirodnykh zon [The influence of forest vegetation on the composition of soil humus of various natural zones]. Moscow (in Ukrainian).
Solovyov, P. Ye. (1967). Vliyaniye lesnykh nasazhdeniy na pochvoobrazovatel'nyy protsess i plodorodiye stepnikh pochv [The influence of forest plantations on the soil-forming process and the fertility of steppe soils]. Moscow (in Russian).
Stepanets, I. T. (1963). Vliyaniye lesnykh nasazhdeniy na izmeneniye fizicheskikh i khimicheskikh svoystv temno-kashtanovykh pochv Zapadnogo Kazakhstana [The impact of forest plantations on changes in the physical and chemical properties of dark chestnut soils in Western Kazakhstan]. Eurasian Soil science, 9, 75–84 (in Russian).
Stockmann, U., Adams, M. A., Crawford, J. W., Field, D. J., Henakaarchchi, N., Jenkins, M., Minasny, B., McBratney, A. B., de Remy de Courcelles, V., Singh, K., Wheeler, I., Abbott, L., Angers, D. A., Baldock, J., Bird, M., Brookes, P. C., Chenu, C., Jastrow, J. D., Lal, R., Lehmann, J., O'Donnell, A. G., Parton, W. J., Whitehead, D., & Zimmermann, M. (2013). The knowns, known unknowns and unknowns of sequestration of soil organic carbon. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 164, 80–99. DOI: 10.1016/j.agee.2012.10.001.
Tsvetkova, N. M. & Saranenko, I. I. (2018). Influence of forest plantations of fine-leaved linden on main properties of dark-chestnut soil of agrobiostation – Botanical garden of KSU. ScienceRise: Biological Science, 4(13), 31–35. DOI: 10.15587/2519-8025.2018.141295.
Tupika, N. P. (1985). Kharakteristika gumusnogo sostoyaniya pochv lesnykh biogeotsenozov Prisamar'ya [Characteristics of the humus state of the soils of the Samaria forest biogeocenoses]. Issues of steppe forestry and forest eclamation of soils, 44–48 (in Russian).
Tyurin, I. V. (1937). Organicheskoye veshchestvo pochv i yego rol v pochvoobrazovanii i plodorodii. Ucheniye o pochvennom gumuse [Soil organic matter and its role in soil formation and fertility. The doctrine of soil humus]. Moscow (in Russian).
Yuschuk, E. D. (2009). Morfolohichne vyvchennya gruntoutvoryuvalnykh protsesiv pid lisovymy nasadzhennyamy Kryvorizhzhya [Morphological study of soil formation processes under forest plantations of Kryvorizhya]. Gruntoznavstvo, 10(3-4), 37–41 (in Ukrainian).
Zanina, M. A., Kurbatov, A. S., & Grinberg S. Yu. (2009). Dinamika pochvennogo plodorodiya zapadnoy chasti Pravoberezh'ya Saratovskoy oblasti po rezul'tatam agrokhimicheskogo monitoringa [The dynamics of soil fertility of the western part of the Right Bank of the Saratov region according to the results of agrochemical monitoring]. Bulletin of the Saratov State Agrarian University, 8, 22–26 (in Russian).
Zinke, P. J. (1962). The pattern of influence of individual forest trees on soil properties. Ecology, 43, 130–133. DOI: 10.2307/1932049.

Abstract views: 167
PDF Downloads: 160
Published
2019-01-06
How to Cite
Huslystyi, A. (2019). Influence of woody vegetation on the content of humus in chernozem soils. Ecology and Noospherology, 30(1), 50-55. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.15421/031909