The formation of herbage cover in forty-year-old plantation of black locust on the reclaimed dump in the Western Donbass

  • O. M. Masiuk Oles Honchar Dnipro National University, Dnipro, Ukraine
  • E. S. Spekhovа Oles Honchar Dnipro National University, Dnipro, Ukraine
Keywords: herbage cover, Robinia pseudoacacia L., bioecomorphic analysis, reclamation of disturbed lands

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to study the formation of herbage cover in forty-year-old plantation of black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L.), which has been growing under various forest growth conditions of artificial edaphotopes, which differed in stratigraphy and dumping depth on the reclaimed dump in the Western Donbass. The dump consisted of «empty» carefully planned mine rock; on its surface one-, two- and three-tiered structures of reclaimed land have been artificially formed. The maximum number of species in grass canopy of the black locust plantations has been recorded on technosol with typical chernozem. The formation of the grass canopy in plantations growing on technosol, consisted only of mine rock, the number of species depended on the power of edaphotope: with a decrease in dumping, a decrease in plant species has been observed. All studied variants are dominated by perennials. Under more favorable soil conditions, (variants 1 and 2) plants without vegetative movement dominate. With a decrease in the depth of dumping, the percentage of plants with slight vegetative movement increases. The representatives of plants with vegetative movement can be found under all forest growth conditions created on reclaimed lands. A specific trait of lithosol (variants 2, 3, 4) is an increase in mesoxerophytes, xerophytes and oligamegatrophs with a decrease in the power of dumping. Heliophytes predominate on studied variants with chernozem and loam with a dumping of one meter. Species partially demanding light have a significant advantage with the decrease in the power of dumping on lithosol variants with depth less than 0.6–0.3 meters. Among the coenomorphs, the dominance of ruderal and steppe complexes have been revealed. In the first case it is explained by the influence of anthropogenic factors (fire), –followed by the first stage of the restoration, namely colonization by weed plants; in the second case, it is caused by the influence of surrounding phytocenosis of undisturbed land and presence of herbal plants seeds from fertile soil level in pedosoil, which set the direction of succession towards the formation of zonal communities. Meadow and psammophytic coenotypes involved in the formation of flora indicate different types of forest growth conditions created by artificial soils.

References

Belgard, A. L. (1950). Lesnaya rastitelnost yugo-vostoka USSR [Forest vegetation of southeast of the Ukrainian SSR]. Kiev (in Russian).
Belgard, A. L. (1971). Stepnoye lesovedeniye [Steppe forestry]. Lesnaya promyshlennost, Moscow (in Russian).
Gautam, M., Pandey, B., & Agrawal, M. (2018). Identification of indicator species at abandoned red mud dumps in comparison to residential and forest sites, accredited to soil properties. Ecological Indicators, 88, 88–102.
Lei, H., Peng, Z., Yigang, H., Yang, Z. (2016). Vegetation and soil restoration in refuse dumps from open pit coal mines. Ecological Engineering, 94, 638–646.
Maiti, S. K., Ahirwal, J. (2019). Ecological Restoration of Coal Mine Degraded Lands. Phytomanagement of Polluted Sites, 83–111.
Masiuk, O. M. (2017). Dynamika formuvannya travostoyu v nasadzhennyakh oblipykhy krushynopodibnoyi na riznoyakisnykh variantakh rekultyvatsiyi porushenykh zemel Zakhidnoho Donbasu [Dynamics of formation of gras stand in plantation of common sea buckthorn on reclamations of disturbed lands of different qualities in the Western Donbass]. Issues of steppe forestry and forest reclamation of soils, 46, 64–76 (in Ukrainian).
Masiuk, O. M. (2018). Dynamika formuvannya travostoyu v topolevykh nasadzhennyakh na riznoyakisnykh variantakh rekultyvatsiyi porushenykh zemel Zakhidnoho Donbasu [Dynamics of grass stand formation in poplar plantations on different types of reclamations of disturbed lands of Western Donbass]. Ecology and Noospherology, 29(2), 97–103 (in Ukrainian).
Opredelitel vysshikh rasteniy Ukrainy (1987) [The determinant of higher plants of Ukraine]. Ed. Yu. N. Prokudin. Kiev (in Russian).
Pandey, V. C., Bajpai, O., Singh, N. (2016). Plant regeneration potential in fly ash ecosystem. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, 15, 40–44.
Programma i metodika biogeotsenoticheskikh issledovaniy (1974) [Program and methods of biogeocenotic studies].
Ed. N. V. Dulis. Moscow (in Russian).
Tarasov, V. V. (2005). Flora of Dnipropetrovsk and Zaporizhzhia regions [Flora Dnipropetrovskoyi ta Zaporizkoyi oblastey]. Lira, Dnipropetrovsk (in Ukrainian).
Travleyev, A. P., Ovchinnikov, V. A., Zverkovsky, V. N., (1988). Biogeotsenoticheskiy pokrov Zapadnogo Donbassa, yego tekhnogennaya dinamika i optimizatsia [The biogeocenotic cover of Western Donbass, its man-made dynamics and optimization]. Dnepropetrovsk (in Russsian).
Yaroshenko, P. D. (1961). Geobotanika. Osnovnyye ponyatiya, napravlenia i metody [Geobotany. Basic concepts, directions and methods]. Moscow, Leningrad (in Russian).
Yeterevskaya, L. V., Momot, G. F., Lechtier, L. V. (2008). Rekultyvovani hrunty: pidkhody do klasyfikatsiyi i systematyky [Recultivated soils: approaches to classification and systematics]. Gruntoznavstvo, 9(3-4), 147–150 (in Ukrainian).

Abstract views: 85
PDF Downloads: 38
Published
2019-11-29
How to Cite
Masiuk, O., & SpekhovаE. (2019). The formation of herbage cover in forty-year-old plantation of black locust on the reclaimed dump in the Western Donbass. Ecology and Noospherology, 30(2), 80-84. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.15421/031914