Lipids peroxidation of wood plants seedlings under the volatile organic compounds action

  • E. G. Tyulkova Belarusian trade and economic university of consumer cooperatives, Gomel, Belarus
  • L. P. Avdashkova Belarusian trade and economic university of consumer cooperatives, Gomel, Belarus
Keywords: malondialdehyde, drooping birch seedlings Betula pendula Roth., pyramidal poplar seedlings Populus pyramidalis Roz., o-xylol, benz(a)pyrene, butyacetate

Abstract

One of the criteria for plant adaptation to the volatile organic compounds action can be the lipid peroxidation intensity processes as a result of destructive oxidative processes ratio and the plants activity antioxidant protection. In this regard, the aim of the study was a comparative study of volatile various doses organic compounds effect (o-xylol, benz(a)pyrene, butyl acetate) on the content of malondialdehyde (MDA) in woody plants seedlings under specified experimental conditions. The results of an experiment on processing leaf blades of urban environments woody plants seedlings with volatile hydrocarbons and their mixture indicate that the effect of o-xylol, butyl acetate and a mixture of butyl acetate and o-xylol on the malonic dialdehyde content in drooping birch Betula pendula Roth. during the first days after exposure, it was manifested in the accumulation of lipid peroxidation products, whereas after three days of the experiment, the plant response in this case was expressed as a decrease in the content of MDA and the intensity of the lipid peroxidation process. Benz(a)pyrene in drooping birch caused a higher content of MDA three days after treatment. In the pyramidal poplar, the character of o-xylol influence and a butyl acetate and o-xylol mixture over the experiment course was similar to the drooping birch and was expressed in the lipid peroxidation products accumulation one day after treatment. Benz(a)pyrene was the cause of the increased malondialdehyde content one day after treatment, butyl acetate – after three days of the experiment. The combined processing of birch seedlings leaf blades with a butyl acetate and o-xylol mixture made it possible for these compounds to enhance each other's toxic effect compared to their action alone, with the exception of o-xylol three days after treatment with the mixture in the maximum dose. In pyramidal poplar, unlike birch, suspended butyl acetate in the mixture weakened the o-xylol toxic effect in comparison with its effect in the form of a single solution, and o-xylol weakened the effect of butyl acetate. In general, in the studied wood seedlings, the most potent compounds one cluster in the processes of membrane lipid peroxidation compared with the control can include benz(a)pyrene (in birch), butyl acetate and a mixture of butyl acetate and o-xylol (at the poplar pyramidal).

References

Erofeeva, E. A., Shapovalova, K. V. (2015). Mnogoletnii sravnitelnii analis ustoichivosti Betula pendula (Betulaceae, Fagales) i Tilia сordata (Malvaceae, Malvales) k avtotransportnomu zagrazneniu [Long-term comparative analysis of Betula pendula (Betulaceae, Fagales) and Tilia cordata (Malvaceae, Malvales) resistance to motor pollution]. Povolgski ekologicheski gurnal, 4, 390–399 (in Russian).
Kurganova, L. N. Perekisnoe okislenie lipidov – odna iz vozmognix component bistroi reaksii na stress [Lipid peroxidation is one of the possible components of a quick response to stress.]. Electronnii resurs: http://www.www.unn.ru. (in Russian).
Mixailova, I. D., Lukatkin, A. S. (2016). Perekisnoe okislenie lipidov v rasteniax ogurtsa i redisa pri deistvii tjagelix metallov [Lipid peroxidation in cucumber and radish plants under the action of heavy metals]. Izvestia Sarat. Un-ta. Ser. Ximia, Biologoa, Ekologia, 16, 206–210 (in Russian).
Nesterov, V. N. i dr. (2014). Perekisnoe okislenie lipidov dikorastuschix galofilov v usloviax Prieltonia [Lipids peroxidation of wild halophiles in the Elton conditions]. Izvestia Samar. Nauchnogo sentra RAN, 16, 299–303 (in Russian).
Neverova, O. A., Legoschina, O. M., Bikov, A. A. (2010). Otsenka intensivnisti okislitelnich protsesev u drevesnix rastenii v zone deistvia promishlenix vibrisov [Assessment of the intensity of oxidative processes in woody plants in the industrial emissions area]. Izvestia Samar. Nauchnogo sentra RAN, 12, 776–779 (in Russian).
Oxrana okrugauschei sredi v Respublike Belarus (2018). [Environmental protection of Belarus Republic], Statisticheskiy sbornik. Minsk (in Russian) (in Russian).
Popov, B. N., Antipina, O. V., Trunova, T. I. (2010). Perekisnoe okislenie lipidov pri nizkotemperaturnoi adaptatsii listev i kornei teplolubivix rastenii tabaka [Lipid peroxidation in the low-temperature adaptation of heat-loving tobacco plants leaves and roots]. Fiziologia rastenii, 1, 153–156 (in Russian).
Postanovlenie Ministerstva zdravooxranenia Respubliki Belarus (2016). «Ob utvergdenii i vvedenii v deistvie normativov predelno dopustimix konsentrasii zagraznauschix veschestv v atmosfermom vozduxe i orientirovochno bezopasnix urovnei vozdeistvia zagraznauschix veschestv v atmosfernom vozduche naselennix punktov i mest massovogo otdixa naselenia» № 113 [Decree of Republic of Belarus Health Ministry «On the approval and enactment of standards for pollutants maximum permissible concentrations in the air and tentatively safe levels of exposure to pollutants in the air of settlements and public recreation places» № 113] (in Russian).

Abstract views: 89
PDF Downloads: 26
Published
2019-09-20
How to Cite
Tyulkova, E., & Avdashkova, L. (2019). Lipids peroxidation of wood plants seedlings under the volatile organic compounds action. Ecology and Noospherology, 30(2), 118-124. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.15421/031920