Influence of low fire on condition of pine plants

  • V. M. Vdovychenko Oles Honchar Dnipro National University, Dnipro, Ukraine
  • D. O. Omelich State specialized forest protection enterprise «Kharkiv Forest Protection», Kharkiv region, Ukraine
Keywords: Pínus sylvéstris, succession, fires, dehromation, defoliation, tree stand

Abstract

Fires have caused significant damage since ancient times, and over time the area and damage has increased. Pine plantations in the southern and eastern regions of Ukraine are particularly affected by this natural phenomenon. The damage caused by the fire interrupts the course of natural successions and prolongs the period of climax. In order to assess the impact of persistent grassroots fire on the complex of forestry and taxation indices of plantations, the taxation structure of pine plantations and the impact on phytocenoses, a methodical analysis of plantations in the Skripayivsky forestry of the state enterprise «Skripayevsky Educational Research Forestry» was made. The data of forest fires over the last 30 years have been analyzed and the reconnaissance works have been carried out, the characteristic test areas have been selected and monitored over the three years. As a result of the work, the relationship between the height of the slope and the intensity of drying was observed. It has been observed that the mass drying of trees does not occur in the first year, but within three years. Also noted was a certain category of trees that appeared to be more resistant to the negative effects of fire, characterized by the following characteristics: thick, dense, high raised bark, well cleared of branches of tree trunks, diameter above average, high raised crown. This factor should be taken into account when creating forest crops (use quality planting material and the introduction of deciduous trees), carrying out further planting care (timely care of forest crops and the required intensity) and carrying out fire prevention measures (raising crowns, mineralization and mineralization breaks). Based on these observations, it is possible to predict the state of planting after a fire, depending on the intensity of the fire (altitude and the degree of burning of the litter) and take into account when conducting forestry activities.

References

Belgard, A. L. (1950). Lesnaya rastitelnost yugo-vostoka USSR [Forest vegetation in the southeast of the USSR]. Kiev (in Russian).
Dmitrievsky, P. I. (1928). Do pitannya pro ponovlennya sosnovikh lísív prirodním pídrostom. [To the question of the restoration of pine forests by natural undergrowth], Vístí, 10, 1–19 (in Ukrainian).
Dospekhov, B. A. (1965). Metodika polevogo opyta. [Methods of field experience]. Moscow. Kolos (in Russian).
Golovashchenko, M. F., Manojlo, V. A., Tarnopolskaya, O. N., Lukyanets, V. A. (2006). Osoblivostí strukturi y rostu prirodnikh molodnyakív sosni zvichaynoí̈ Ízyums'kogo pristepovogo boru [Features of structure and growth of natural young growth of pine of the usual Izyum pine forest]. Lísívnitstvo í agrolísomelíoratsíya. Kharkív. 72–81 (in Ukrainian).
Greig-Smith, P. (1967). Kolichestvennaya ekologiya rasteniy [Quantitative ecology of plants]. Moscow. Mir (in Russian).
Melekhov, I. S. (1983). Lesnaya pirologiya: uchebn. posob. [Forest pyrology: a textbook. help]. Moscow (in Russian).
Morozov, G. F. (1930). Ocherki po vozobnovleniyu sosny. [Essays on the resumption of pine]. Moscow (in Russian).
Normativno–spravochnyye materialy dlya taksatsii lesov Ukrainy i Moldavii (1987) [Regulatory-reference materials for taxation of forests of Ukraine and Moldova]. Kiev. Urozhay (in Russian).
[Sanitary rules in the forests of Ukraine]. (2016) Sanitarni pravyla v lisakh Ukrayiny Approved by a resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine of July 27, 1995, No. 555 (in the wording of the resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine dated October 26, 2016 No. 756) (in Ukrainian).
Sannikov, S. N. (1973). Lesnyye pozhary kak evolyutsionno-ekologicheskiy faktor vozobnovleniya sosny v Zaural'ye. Goreniye i pozhary v lesu [Forest fires as an evolutionary-ecological factor for the resumption of pine in the Urals. Burning and fires in the forest]. 236–277 (in Russian).
Shinkarenko, I. B. (1971). Travyanistaya rastitel'nost' kak faktor ugneteniya sosnovykh molodnyakov [Grassy vegetation as a factor in the suppression of pine young]. Lesovodstvo i agrolesomelioratsiya. Kiev. Urozhay. 72–79 (in Russian).
Tkachenko, M. E. (1931). Ochistka lesosek [Cleaning of logs] Moscow (in Russian).
Ustsky, I. M. (2008). Vpliv pozhezh na lísi ta píslya pozhezhniy rozvitok lísovikh formatsíy. [Influence of fires on forests and after fire development of forest formations]. I. M. Ustsky, Yu. V. Plugator, V. V. Papelbu. Kharkov. 179–184 (in Ukrainian).
Valendik, E. N. (2008). Pozhary kak postoyanno deystvuyushchiy prirodnyy faktor v boreal'nykh lesakh Yevrazii. [Fires as a permanent natural factor in the boreal forests of Eurasia]. Materialy konferentsii "Pozhary v lesnykh yekosistemakh Sibiri". Krasnoyars'k. 15–18 (in Russian).
Vorobiev, D. V. (1967). Metodika lesotipologicheskikh issledovaniy [Methodology of forest typological studies]. Kiev. Urozhay (in Ukrainian).
Yashnov, L. I. (1930). K voprosu ob usykhanii sosny v garyakh Maroblasti posle pozhara 1921 goda i roli yeye v vozobnovlenii lesa. [On the question of pine drying in the mountains of Maroblast after the fire of 1921 and its role in the restoration of the forest] Izvestiya Kazanskogo in-ta sel'skogo khozyaystva i lesovodstva, 1, 42–44 (in Russian).
Yekologíchniy yentsiklopedichniy slovnik (1989) [Ecological Encyclopedic Dictionary]. Ed. I. I. Dedyu. Kishinív: Golovna redaktsíya Moldavs'koí̈ radyans'koí̈ yentsiklopedíí̈. (in Russian).

Abstract views: 101
PDF Downloads: 26
Published
2019-06-19
How to Cite
Vdovychenko, V., & Omelich, D. (2019). Influence of low fire on condition of pine plants. Ecology and Noospherology, 30(2), 132-138. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.15421/031922