Assessment of leaf damage degree in Aesculus hippocastanum L. during the growing season in the conditions of Dnipro city

  • O. V. Seliutina Oles Honchar Dnipro National University, Dnipro, Ukraine
  • K. K. Holoborodko Oles Honchar Dnipro National University, Dnipro, Ukraine
  • O. Ye. Pakhomov Oles Honchar Dnipro National University, Dnipro, Ukraine
  • A. O. Dubyna Oles Honchar Dnipro National University, Dnipro, Ukraine
Keywords: impact of invasive species, Cameraria ohridella, Aesculus hippocastanum sustainability, urban park ecosystems, urban environment


One of the unique indicators of environmental pollution is Aesculus hippocastanum Linnaeus, 1753, distributed in different ecological conditions of most European cities in both the southern and northern temperate zones. For a long time bitter chestnut belonged to the number of highly resistant wood species. But in the last two decades, the condition of bitter chestnut plantations has deteriorated significantly due to the impact of adverse abiotic environmental factors (due to global climate change and increasing man-made load), and due to mass reproduction of phytophagous and phytopathogenic. A. hippocastanum especially suffers from chestnut miner (Cameraria ohridella Deschka & Dimič, 1986), for which it is the main forage plant. The aim of our study was to assess the degree of damage to the leaf surface of Aesculus hippocastanum L. during the growing season in the Dnipro. Analysis of damage to the leaf blades of the forage plant C. ohridella was performed for four years (2018–2021) visually on a modified scale proposed by M. D. Zerova et al. (2007). The research covered eight main park urban ecosystems of the Dnipro. Four stable generations of C. ohridella were established in the city of Dnipro. The development period of one separate generation of chestnut miner lasts from 65 to 110 days. The beginning of the flight of adults of the first generation occurs at the end of April and the beginning of May. Monitoring was carried out during three summer months, which corresponds to the main feeding period of the three most active generations of C. ohridella (I, II and III). A. hippocastanum leaf blades have been found to be damaged differently in different park urban ecosystems. The highest percentage of damage in all park areas is observed in August, when three generations were almost completely fed. A significant dependence of the area of affected leaves of bitter chestnut common invasive C. ohridella on the period of the growing season was found. According to our research, in all eight test plots, which corresponded to the main area and functional load of the green areas of the Dnipro, during the summer there is an increase in the area affected by the miner leaf in chestnuts. During the four years of observations (2018-2021), in the city of Dnipro, this generalized indicator ranged from 32% in June to 65% in August. This increase can be explained by the increase in the number of mines, due to the gradual emergence of the second and third generations of C. ohridella, each of which is more numerous than the previous one


Apers, S., Naessens, T., Pieters, L., Vlietinck, A. (2006). Densitometric thin-layer hromatographic determination of aescin in a herbal medicinal product containing Aesculus and Vitis dry extracts. Journal of Chromatography, A. 1112 (1-2), 165–170.

Augustin, S., Guichard, S., Heitland, W., Freise, J., Svatoš, A., Gilbert, M. (2008). Monitoring and dispersal of the invading Gracillariidae Cameraria ohridella. Journal of Applied Entomology, 133(1), 58–66.

Baraniak, E., Walczak, U., Zduniak, P. (2005). Appearance and migration of the horse-chestnut leafminer Cameraria ohridella in relation to city size and leaf-raking, using the example of two cities in Western Poland, Journal Pest Science, 78, 145–149.

Barta, M. (2018). In planta bioassay on the effects of endophytic Beauveria strains against larvae of horse-chestnut leaf miner (Cameraria ohridella). Biological Control, 121, 88–98.

Ćalić-Dragosavac, D., Zdravković-Korać, S., Šavikin-Fodulović, K., Radojevič, C., Vinterhalter, B. (2010). Determination of aescin content in androgenic embryos and hairy root culture of Aesculus hippocastanum. Pharmaceutical Biology, 48(5), 563–567.

Grabenweger, G., Kehrli, P., Schlick-Steiner, B., Steiner, F., Stolz, M., Bacher, S. (2005). Predator complex of the horse chestnut leafminer Cameraria ohridella: identification and impact assessment. Journal of Applied Entomology. 129 (7), 353.

Holoborodko, K. K., Ryabka, K. O., Zaitseva, I. A., Kondratieva, K. V. (2009). Poshyrennya ta suchasnyy stan kashtanovoyi minuyuchoyi moli (Cameraria ohridella Deschka & Dimič, 1986) u m. Dnipropetrovsʹk [Distribution and current state of chestnut moth (Cameraria ohridella Deschka & Dimič, 1986) in Dnepropetrovsk]. Problems of bioindication and ecology 14 (2): 163–168 (in Ukrainian).

Holoborodko, K. K., Marenkov, O. M., Gorban, V. A., Voronkova, Y. S. (2016). The problem of assessing the viability of invasive species in the conditions of the steppe zone of Ukraine. Vìsn. Dnìpropetr. Unìv. Ser. Bìol. Ekol. 24(2), 466–472.

Holoborodko, K. K., Seliutina, O. V., Ivanko, I. A., Alexeyeva, A. A., Shulman, M. V., Pakhomov, O. Y. (2021). Effect of Cameraria ohridella feeding on Aesculus hippocastanum photosynthesis. Regulatory Mechanisms in Biosystems, 12(2), 346–352.

Hryhoryuk, I. P., Mashkovsʹka, S. P., Yavorovsʹkyy, P. P., Kolesnichenko, O. V. (2004). Biolohiya kashtaniv [Biology of chestnuts]. Kyiv, Logos, 380 (in Ukrainian)

Jagiełło, R., Baraniak, E., Karolewski, P., Łakomy, P., Behnke-Borowczyk, J., Walczak, U., Giertych M. J. (2017). Ecophysiological aspects of the interaction between Cameraria ohridella and Guignardia aesculi on Aesculus hippocastanum. Dendrobiology, 78, 146–156.

Rämert, B., Kenis, M., Kärnestam, E., Niström, M., Rännbäck, L.–M. (2005). Host plant suitability, population dynamics and parasitoids of the horse chestnut leafminer Cameraria ohridella (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae) in southern Sweden. Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica, Section B Soil & Plant Science, 61(5), 480–486.

Seliutina, O. V., Shupranova, L. V., Holoborodko, K. K., Shulman, M. V., Bobylev, Y. P. (2020). Effect of Cameraria ohridella on accumulation of proteins, peroxidase activity and composition in Aesculus hippocastanum leaves. Regulatory Mechanisms in Biosystems. 11 (2), 299–304.

Shupranova, L. V., Kharytonov, M. M., Khlopova, V. M. (2014). Air pollution Assessment in the Dnepropetrovsk Industrial Megapolice of Ukraine. Proceedings of the 32nd NATO/SPS International Technical Meeting on Air Pollution Modeling and its Application. Utrecht, The Netherlands. 7-11 May, 2012: Springer Science+Business Media Dordtrecht, 101–104.

Shupranova, L. V., Holoborodko, K. K., Seliutina, O. V., Pakhomov, O. Y. (2019). The influence of Cameraria ohridella (Lepidoptera, Gracillariidae) on the activity of the enzymatic antioxidant system of protection of the assimilating organs of Aesculus hippocastanum in an urbogenic environment. Biosyst. Divers., 27(3), 238–243.

Štajner, D., Popović, B. M., Ćalić, D., Štajner, M. (2014). Comparative study of antioxidant status in androgenic embryos of Aesculus hippocastanum and Aesculus flava. The scientific World Journal. 18–25.

Stygar, D., Dolezych, B., Nakonieczny, M., Zaak, M. (2010). Digestive enzymes activity in larvae of Cameraria ohridella (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae). Comptes Rendus Biologies, 333, 725–735.

Valade, R., Kenis, M., Hernandes-Lopez, A., Augustin, S., Mari Mena, N., Magnoux, E., Rougeric, R., Lakatos, F., Rogues, A. & Lopez-Vaamonde, C. (2009). Mitochondrial and microsatellite DNA markers reveal a Balkan origin for the highly invasive horse-chestnut leaf miner Cameraria ohridella (Lepidoptera, Gracillariidae). Molecular Ecology, 18 (6), 3458–3470.

Zerova, M. D., Nikitenko, G. N., Narolskiy, N. B., Gershenzon, Z. S., Sviridov, S. V., Lukash, O. V., Babidorich, M. M. (2007). Kashtanovaya miniruyushchaya mol' v Ukraine [Chestnut mining moth in Ukraine], Kiev, 90 (in Russian).

Abstract views: 37
PDF Downloads: 21
How to Cite
Seliutina, O., Holoborodko, K., Pakhomov, O., & Dubyna, A. (2021). Assessment of leaf damage degree in Aesculus hippocastanum L. during the growing season in the conditions of Dnipro city. Ecology and Noospherology, 32(2), 82-86.