Features of Fulica atra nesting on reservoirs with significant recreational load in the city of Kharkiv

  • T. L. Yarmak H. S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University, Kharkiv, Ukraine
Keywords: Fulica atra, аnthropogenic landscape, nesting, breeding success, Lake Kvituche, Kharkiv river


One of the tasks of modern ecology is to study the formation and sustainability of ecosystems in urbanized areas. The study of species that have a wide ecological plasticity and successfully adapt to the conditions of the anthropogenic landscape is important for a qualitative assessment of the city's avifauna and the current state of the species population. Fulica atra L. is one of the types of wetlands that has adapted to life under conditions of significant anthropogenic pressure. The studies were conducted from March to October 2021. The features of the placement of coot nests in areas with significant anthropogenic pressure have been analyzed. The coordinates of the nests found are plotted on the map. It was investigated that in urban conditions the coot prefers closed reservoirs with a large amount of coastal vegetation, and nests on the river were found singly. Nests are usually built on the folds of last year's plants, but there were also atypical nesting sites. The distance between the nests on the lake was 77.37 ± 40.38 m. The average size of the nest (n = 8): D = 39 cm, d = 24 cm, h = 15.5 cm. The dates of the appearance of the first clutches on Lake Kvituchem and on the Kharkiv River are in the third decade of April, and the last ones on the lake are in the third decade of May, and on the river - in the first decade of July. The average clutch size on Lake Kvituchem in 2021 was 7.81 ± 1.66 eggs. The morphometric parameters of the eggs were determined, their average size was 53.65 ± 2.1 x 36.86 ± 1.7 mm, the average weight was 36.09 ± 3.13 g. The success of hatching chicks in reservoirs with a significant recreational load has been investigated. The first chicks will appear on May 10-13. The features of the behavior of the gloss in relation to a person along with the nest during the setting of eggs were investigated. It was noted that the gloss reacts rather calmly to the constant presence of people on the territory of the nesting territory, but, during the incubation of eggs, it rather aggressively protects its nest. The results presented in the article deserve further monitoring.


Afanasev, V. T., Havrys, H. H., Klestov, N. L. (1992). Ornytofauna desnianskoi poimy y ee okhrana [The avifauna of the Desnyanskaya floodplain and its protection]. Institute of Zoology of Ukraine, 58 (in Russian).

Bloom, P. N. (1973). Lysukha (Fulica atra L.) v Latvyy [Coot (Fulica atra L.) in Latvia]. Riga, Zinatne, 156 (in Russian).

Chyrynskaite, L. I. (2007). Lysukha Fulica atra v Hatchynskom parke [Coot Fulica atra in the Gatchina park]. Russian ornithological journal, 16, 375, 11821183 (in Russian).

Koshelev, A. I. (1984). Lysukha v Zapadnoi Sybyry (ekolohyia, povedenye y khoziaisvennoe znachenye) [Lysukha in Western Siberia (ecology, behavior and economic significance)]. Nauka, 176 (in Russian).

Ckilskyi, I. V., Hodovanets, B. I., Klitin, O. M., Bundziak, P. V., Vasin, O. M., Buchko, V. V. (1994). Do ekolohii lysky v Prut-Dnistrovskomu mezhyrichchi [To the ecology of the Coot in the Prut-Dnistrovsky mezhirichchі]. Berkut, 3, 914 (in Ukrainian).

Debeliy, Y., Serebryakov, V. (2011). Osoblyvosti hnizdovoi biolohii lysky Fulica atra L. na terytorii Tsentralnoi Ukrainy [Peculiarities of nesting biology of the coot Fulica atra L. on the territory of Central Ukraine]. Bulletin of Lviv University. Biological series, 56, 186192 (in Ukrainian).

Debely, Ya. Yu., Serebryakov, V. V. (2012). O hnezdovanyy y zymovke lysukhy Fulica atra v Kyeve [About nesting and wintering of coot Fulica atra in Kiev]. Russian ornithological journal, 21, 827, 31873189 (in Russian).

Endrashko-Dombrovska, D., Dembinska, D. (1997). Ethological and ethological aspects of adaptation of the coot (Fulika atra) to life in the city. Russian orntological journal, 28, 1419 (in Russian).

Kryvytskyi, Y. A., Kalchenko, Yu. A., Kalchenko, A. Iu. (2015).  Ptytsy prudov Pechenezhskoho rybkhoza [Birds in the ponds of the Pechenezhsky fish farm]. Russian ornithological journal, 4, 1126, 11701176 (in Russian).

Loboichenko, V. M., Zhuk, V. N. (2017). Otsenka hydroekolohycheskoho sostoianyia horodskykh vodoemov na prymere Alekseevskoho pruda horoda Kharkova  [Assessment of the hydroecological state of urban water bodies on the example of the Alekseevsky pond in the city of Kharkov]. Bulletin of the KrNU named after Mikhail Ostrogradsky, 4 (105), 74–81 (in Russian).

Matvyenko, M. E. (2009). Ocherky rasprostranenyia y ekolohyy ptyts Sumskoi oblasty (60-e hody XX st.) [Ocherky rasprostranenyia y ekolohyy ptyts Sumskoi oblasty (60-e hods XX st.)]. Sumi, University book, 210 (in Russian).

Nadtochii, A. S. (2021). Ornytofauna vodno-bolotnykh uhodyi horoda Kharkova [Avifauna of wetlands of the city of Kharkov]. Current studies of birds of Ukraine, Branta, 87–93 (in Russian).

Panchenko, S. H. (2016). Ptytsy Luhanskoi oblasty [Birds of the Luhansk region]. Collegium, 324 (in Russian).

Rakhymov, Y. Y., Arynyna, A. V. (2020). Osvoenye vodoёmov y formyrovanye horodskykh populiatsyi chomhy Podiceps cristatus, lysukhy Fulica atra y kamyshnytsы Gallinula chloropus v Kazany. [The development of water bodies and the formation of urban populations of the great crested grebe Podiceps cristatus, coot Fulica atra, and moorhen Gallinula chloropus in Kazan]. Russian ornithological journal, 24, 2015, 60816085 (in Russian).

Somov, N. N. (1897). Ornytolohycheskaia fauna Kharkovskoi hubernyy [Ornithological fauna of the Kharkov province]. A. Darre. 680 (in Russian).

Yarmak, T. L., Mamedova, Y. P., Chaplyhina, A. B. (2021). Do biolohii rozmnozhennia lysky (Fulica atra) na ozeri Novyi Lyman ta vodoochysnykh sporudakh m. Kharkova [To the reproduction biology of the fox (Fulica atra) on Lake Novy Liman and water treatment facilities of the Kharkov city]. Biodiversity and Role of Animals in Ecosystems. Extended Abstracts. XI International Conference. Ukraine, Dnipro, 62 (in Ukrainian).

Abstract views: 52
PDF Downloads: 33
How to Cite
Yarmak, T. (2021). Features of Fulica atra nesting on reservoirs with significant recreational load in the city of Kharkiv. Ecology and Noospherology, 32(2), 92-96. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.15421/032116