Syntaxonomy, synphytoindication analysis and anthropogenic transformation of forest vegetation in Kyiv city

  • H. M. Holyk Institute for Evolutionary Ecology of the National academy of sciences of Ukraine
  • I. V. Goncharenko Institute for Evolutionary Ecology of the National academy of sciences of Ukraine
Keywords: forest vegetation, phytoindication, ecologic factors, recreational digression

Abstract

The aim of this work was to determine the floristic composition, phytocoenotic diversity of woody vegetation, degree of anthropogenic transformation and ecological analysis using the synphytoindication method. The objects of our study were forest communities, forest-parks and green area of Kyiv. In 2015–2015, we fulfilled 323 relevés that were made by the standard procedure. All plant species were recorded. For each relevés geographic coordinates are indicated. The floristic analysis of the woody vegetation of Kyiv was conducted using the Braun-Blanquet approach and the phytosociological table was constructed with non-hierarchical clustering algorithm for vegetation classification so called DRSA («distance-ranked sorting assembling»). Phytoindication method was used for environmental analysis. We assessed amplitudes of syntaxa by phytoindication method for moisture (Hd), acidity (Rc), soil nitrogen content (Nt), total salt regime (Tr), light in community (Lc) and we calculated hemeroby index. Synecological amplitudes are characterized by the values of the minimum, maximum and average values ecofactors of the aggregate description of each community. Systematic, biomorphological, geographical structures were analyzed as well. We used hierarchical agglomeration cluster analysis of syntaxons to estimate the similarity of the species composition of the cenoflor. We identified that woody vegetation is divided into two classes Querco-Fagetea and Robinietea which include 11 communities types of rank association-variant. A total number consist of 169 species 133 genera 59 families. Species of alien origin constituted 20-40% of the cenofloras, which indicate increasing anthropogenic impact. Recreational load is a leading factor in anthropogenic impact. Biomorphological analysis indicates the predominance of herbal perennial plants – hemicryptophytes in the species composition of plants. And we determined that the nitrogen content in soil, acidity and moisture are the environmental factors leading to differentiation of vegetation. For assessment of anthropogenic transformation we used hemeroby index. Main purpose of the hemeroby index is to determine the degree and dynamics of human impact on plant communities. Hemeroby index is ecologically well founded, plausible and easy to interpret. The lowest level is represented in phytocoenoses order Fagetalia, followed by the communities of order Quercetalia and Chelidonio-Robinietalia from class Robinietea. Robinia pseudoacacia + Chaerophyllum temulum communities were most disordered. To determine the degree of anthropogenic transformation of vegetation under the influence of recreational activity we used eco-cenological spectrum changing analysis. It was found that increasing homogenization of the vegetation and the occurrence of ruderal communities dominated by alien invasive species are symptomatic of the synanthropization process. The proportion of terophytes, the ratio of the proportion of adventitious species to aboriginal, and apophytes to the natural species in disturbed and homogenized forests are increasing.

References

Ahroеkolohycheskyi atlas Rossyy y sopredelnуkh hosudarstv: selskokhoziaistvennye rastenyia, ykh vredytely, bolezny y sorniaky [Interactive agricultutal ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries: economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds] URL: http://www.agroatlas.ru/en/index.html
Baza dannych, 2011. efloras.org. URL: http://www.efloras.org.
Burda, R. I., 1991. Antropohennaja transformacyja flory [Anthropogenic transformation of flora]. Naukova Dumka, Kyiv (in Russian).
Didukh, Ya. P., 2011. The ecological scales of the species of Ukrainian flora and their use in synphytoindication. Phytosociocenter, Kyiv. 176 p.
Didukh, Ya. P., Plyuta, P. G., 1994. Fitoindikatciia ekologicheskikh faktorov [The phytoindication of ecological factors]. Naukova Dumka, Kiev (in Ukrainian).
Flora URSR (Flora RSS Ucr.) 1936–1965. AN URSR Naukova Dumka, Kiev. Vol. 1–12 (in Ukrainian).
Frank, D., Klotz, S., 1990. Biologisch-ökologische Daten zur Florader DDR. Wiss. Beitr. M.-Lutther-Univ., Halle-Wittenberg, 1–167.
Global biodiversity information facility. http://www.gbif.org
Goncarenko, I. V., Ignatjuk, O. A., Selyag-Sosonko, Yu. R., 2013. Lisova roslynnist urochyshha Feofanija ta jiji antropoghenna transformacija [Forest vegetation of the Feofania tract and its anthropogenic transformation]. Ecology and Noospherology 24(3–4), 51–63 (in Ukrainian).
Goncharenko, I. V., 2001. Florystychne ta fitotsenotychne riznomanittia pivnichno-skhidnoi chastyny Lisostepu Ukrainy (Sumskyi heobotanichnyi okruh) [Floristic and phytocoenotic diversity in the northeastern part of Ukrainian Forest-Steppe (Sumy geobotanical district)]. Avtoref. dys... kand. biol. nauk: 03.00.05 [Manuscript candidate's degree by speciality 03.00.05 – botany]. M. G. Kholodny Institute of Botany of NAS of Ukraine, Kyiv, 20 (in Ukrainian).
Goncharenko, I. V., Holyk, H. M. 2014. Ekolohichnyi analiz mistsezrostan lisovoi roslynnosti parkiv «Nyvky» ta «Teremky» m. Kyieva [Kyiv park «Nivki» and «Teremki» forests and ecological analysis of their habitats]. Ecology and Noospherology 25(3–4), 53–68 (in Ukrainian).
Goncharenko, I. V., 2015a. DRSA: alhorytm neyerarkhycheskoi klasteryzatsyy s yspolzovanyem K-NN hrafa y eho prymenenye v klassyfykatsyy rastytelnosty [DRSA: a non-hierarchical clustering algorithm using k-nn graph and its application in vegetation classification]. Vegetation of Russia 27, 125–138 (in Russian).
Goncharenko, I. V., 2015b. Metod «sortuiuchoi» klasteryzatsii (DRSA) dlia klasyfikatsii roslynnosti [A method of «sorting» clustering (DRSA) for the classification of plant communities] Dopovidi NAN Ukrainy 9, 129–136 (in Ukrainian).
Goncharenko, I. V., Holyk, H. N., 2015. Klassyfykatsyia y fytoеkolohycheskaia otsenka lesoparkovoi rastytelnosty h. Kyeva [Classification and phytoecological assessment of the Kiev forest-park vegetation]. Phytodiversity of Eastern Europe 9(4), 129–158 (in Russian).
Kopeĉky, K., Hejny, S., 1974. A new approach to the classification of antropogenic plant Commuities. Vegetatio 29, 17–20.
Lubchenko, V. M., 1983. Shyrokolystiani lisy z uchastiu Carpinus betulus L. poblyzu m. Kyieva [Broad-leaved forest with the participation Carpinus betulus L. in the Kiev outskirts]. Urk. botan. zhurn. 40(1), 30–34 (in Ukrainian).
Mosyakin, S. L., Fedoronchuk, M. M., 1999. Vascular plants of Ukraine: A nomenclatural checklist. Kiev. 345 p.
Parnikoza, I. Yu., Inozemtseva, D. M., 2005. Suchasnyi stan tsenopopuliatsii ridkisnykh roslyn rehionalnoho landshaftnoho parku «Lysa hora» (m. Kyiv) [Today’s state cenopopulations of rare plants from the landscape park «Lysa gora» (Kyiv)]. Urk. botan. zhurn. 62(5), 649–656 (in Ukrainian).
Pro zatverdzhennia Programy rozvytku zelenoi zony g. Kyiva do 2010 roku ta kontseptsii foprnuvannia zelenykh nasadzhen v tsentralnii chastini mista, 2005 http://kmr.ligazakon.ua/SITE2/l_docki2.nsf/alldocWWW/F568AC23F047A944C22573C00053FA80?OpenDocument
Protopopova, V. V., 1991. Synantropnaia flora Ukraynы y puty ee razvytyia [Synanthropic flora of Ukraine and ways of its development]. Naukova dumka, Kiev (in Ukrainian).
Raunkiaer, C., 1905. Types biologiques pour la géographie botanique. Bulletin Académi-que, Revue Scientifique Danemark, 347–437.
Raunkiaer, C., 1934. The life form of plants and statistical plant geography. Claredon, Oxford, 632.
Serebrjakov, I. G., 1962. Ekolohycheskaia morfolohyia rastenyi [Ecological morphology of plants]. Vysshaya shkola, Moscow (in Russian).
Shelyag-Sosonko, Yu. R, Didukh, Ya. P., Kuzmichev, A. I., Padun, I. M., 1984. Roslynnist urochyshcha Lysa hora (okolytsi m. Kyieva) [Vegetation of the Lysaya Mountain Locality (Kiev Environs)]. Urk. botan. zhurn. 41(1), 86–90 (in Ukrainian).
Takhtajan, A. L., 1978. Florystycheskye oblasty Zemly [Floristic Regions of the Earth]. Nauka, Leningrad (in Russian).
Tolmachev, A. I., 1986. Metody sravnytelnoi florystyky y problemy floroheneza [Methods of comparative floristics and problems of florogenesis]. Nauka, Novosibirsk (in Russian).
Weber, H. E., Moravec, J., Theurillat, J.-P., 2000. International Code of Phytosociological Nomenclature. 3rd edition. Journal of Vegetation Science 11, 739–768.
Whittaker, R., 1980 Soobshchestva y ekosystemy [Communities and ecosystems]. Progress, Moscow (in Russian).
Zaverukha, B. V., 1985. Sosudystуe rastenyia [Vascular plants] Pryroda Ukraynskoi SSR. Rastytelnуi myr [Nature of the Ukrainian SSR. World of plants]. Naukova Dumka, 20–46 (in Russian).

Abstract views: 76
PDF Downloads: 63
Published
2017-03-06
How to Cite
Holyk, H., & Goncharenko, I. (2017). Syntaxonomy, synphytoindication analysis and anthropogenic transformation of forest vegetation in Kyiv city. Ecology and Noospherology, 28(1-2), 49-63. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.15421/031705